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Holidays & Observances in India

India is a large country in South Asia. It is the second most populated country in the world and has one of the fastest growing economies. Currently, there is a very uneven distribution of wealth in India, which means that the customs practiced by the people will vary depending on wealth. India is very culturally diverse, each region slightly different from the others. There are about 20 languages that have been given official status, with Hindi being the most common. Many people speak English as well, as it is often needed for business. India is also very religiously diverse. Most people practice Hindu or Islam, but people from every major religion reside in India and celebrate proudly. Religious festivals of all kinds are celebrated at all times of the year. Recently India has been greatly affected by western culture, picking up traditional holiday celebrations such as New Year’s Day from countries in the west.

View India Holiday Calendar

The Government of India classifies holidays in three categories: 

Gazetted Holidays - These are the holidays that are mandatory Public Holidays. There are 3 gazetted holidays that are national public holidays where all business must remain closed throughout the nation: Republic Day; Independence Day; and Gandhi Jayanti. Other gazetted holidays, schools, banks and government offices are closed and other businesses may choose to close. 

Restricted Holidays - Optional Holidays which means they are optional and employees have the option to have the day off. In India, with so much culture and religions and observances, there are a plethora of holidays and most businesses give a certain number of days off and the employees can choose which days they want to observe. 

State and Union territory holidays - Local to a region, state or territory 

View India Holiday Calendar

Country Observances

Holiday Date Country Holiday Common Observance Observance Type Religion/Belief
Diwali Diwali Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu
Gurupurab Guru Nanak Jayanti / Gurupurab Public, Gazetted Sikhism
Christmas Day Christmas Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Christianity
Pongal Restricted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu
India Republic Day Public, Gazetted
Chinese New Year Chinese New Year Religious/Beliefs, Popular & Widely Observed Chinese / East Asian, Taoism / Daoism, Confucianism
Vasant Panchami Vasant Panchami / Basant Panchami Restricted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu
Valentine's Day Valentine's Day Popular & Widely Observed
Maha Shivaratri Maha Shivaratri Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu
Holi (Festival of Colors) Holi Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu
Rama Navami Rama Navami Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu
Baisakhi Baisakh / Vaisakha Restricted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu, Sikhism
Eid AL-Fitr Eid al-Fitr Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Islam / Muslim
Eid AL-Adha Eid al-Adha Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Islam / Muslim
Raksha Bandhan Raksha Bandhan / Rakhi Restricted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu
Independence Day India Independence Day Public, Gazetted
Janmashtami Janmashtami Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu
Ganesh Chaturthi Ganesh Chaturthi Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu
Gandhi Jayanti Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti Public, Gazetted Hindu
Dussehra Vijayadashami / Dussehra Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu
Karva Chauth Karva Chauth / Karaka Chaturthi Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu, Sikhism
Diwali Diwali Public, Gazetted, Religious/Beliefs Hindu