Eid al-Fitr is an Islamic celebration that takes place on the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal. It marks the end of Ramadan and the end of a month-long fast. A celebratory feast is customary to break the fast. Many Muslims exchange gifts with family and friends. Eid al-Fitr is a time for giving thanks to God, so forgiveness and charity are often an important part of the celebration.
History of Eid AL-Fitr
Eid AL-Fitr is also known as “festival of breaking the fast” is celebrated by Muslims all around the world at the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. According to the Islamic tradition, Prophet Muhammad in the year 620 A.D was meditating in Mount Hira during the month of Ramadan. He has a vision of angel Jibril (also known as Gabriel) who told him that his name is Muhammad and declaring to the Muhammad that he is the messenger of the God, Jibril said to him: “iqraa” (meaning “read” or “recite”).
Though the angel informed him that he is the messenger of God Allah and was going to be a prophet for his people. Muhammad could not believe what the angel said to him and therefore he though angel as an evil spirit. Later his wife Khadijah and his cousin Waraqa ibn Nawfal convinced him that he is indeed the messenger of God and the angel who visited him was the same one who visited Hebrew Prophet Moses.
In the next 33 years, Muhammad was frequently visited by the angel who taught him the Holy knowledge which consisted of the code of conduct that Allah wanted his people to maintain on earth. It is inscribed in the Holy Qur’an, the most sacred book of Islam.
It is said that the sacred knowledge was revealed too Muhmmad in the month of Ramadan. It is said that the sacred knowledge was revealed to Muhammad during the month of Ramadan. As a mark of respect to Allah and to show gratitude to him for the true knowledge that he gifted to his sons and daughters, the prophet asked his followers (and therefore the followers of Islam) to pass the month of Ramadan in fasting, prayers, and other austerities and end the month-long non-indulgence with festive celebrations. This is how Eid-Ul-Fitr was born. This three-day-long celebration ends the ninth month and begins the tenth month of Shawwal with absolute happiness and contentment for the ability to sacrifice for Allah. This festival aims to promote peace, strengthen the feeling of brotherhood and bring oneself back to the normal course of life after a month-long period of self-denial and religious devotion.
Eid-UL-Fitr does not begin until the new moon appears in the sky. This means that across the world, Eid-UL-Fitr begins at different times or in even different days depending on locations. To make it more uniform, some Muslims celebrate eid when the new moon appears over Mecca instead of their location.
During the month of Ramzan, Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset. Fasting includes abstaining from taking medications, drinking any liquid (including water), smoking and getting intimate with the partner.