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Asia

Asia is divided into 5 or 6 regions, with the 6th, the north region being politically part of Europe. 

Central Asia is the smallest sub-region of Asia, popularly referred to as "the Stans". This region includes the 5 countries of KazakhstanKyrgyzstanTajikistanTurkmenistanUzbekistan and is very diverse in it's geography with tall mountains and high passes as well as a range of deserts. 

East Asia is a huge sub-region in Asia with the 8 countries and regions including China, Mongolia, Taiwan, North Korea, South Korea, Japan, Hong Kong and Macau (Macao). With some of the largest cities in the world including Tokyo, Beijing, and Seoul, East Asia is home to high technology and is considered one of the most advanced in the world. 

South Asia is the largest su-region in Asia with a huge population that includes the 9 countries of Afghanistan, BangladeshBhutan, Maldives, Nepal, India, IranPakistan, and Sri Lanka. This region has some of the most populated cities in the world including Delhi, Mumbai, Karachi and Dhaka. Geographically, this region contains the tallest point in the world, Mount Everest, located in Nepal. 

Southeast Asia is a sub-region in Asia that includes the 11 countries of Brunei, Cambodia, Timor-Leste (East Timor), Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (formerly Burma), the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Mainland Southeast Asia consists of Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, and Peninsular Malaysia.

Maritime Southeast Asia includes Indonesia, the Philippines, East Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, and East Timor. Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands may be considered to be a part of South East Asia region, though they are governed by Australia. 

West Asia is a sub-region in Asia that includes the countries of ArmeniaAzerbaijanBahrainCyprusGeorgiaIraqIsraelJordanKuwaitLebanonOmanQatarSaudi ArabiaSyriaTurkeyUnited Arab EmiratesYemen and Palestinian Territory (West Bank & Gaza Strip). Egypt belongs to the Sinai Peninsula and is a transcontinental country that could be considered part of this region. West Asia is surrounded by seven major seas; the Aegean Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea and includes the lowest location on earth at the Dead Sea, located between Jordan and Israel.

North Asia is a sub-region in Asia that includes the Asian part of Russia which consists of Ural, Siberia and the Russian Far East. This region is home to the Ural Mountains and while it is geographically in the northern region of Asia, it is politically part of Russia and the European Region

Listing of Countries in Asia

Afghanistan

Armenia

Azerbaijan

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Bhutan

Brunei

Cambodia

China

Christmas Island

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Cyprus

Georgia

Hong Kong

India

Indonesia

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Japan

Jordan

Kazakhstan

Kuwait

Kyrgyzstan

Laos

Lebanon

Macau (Macao)

Malaysia

Maldives

Mongolia

Myanmar (formerly Burma)

Nepal

North Korea

Oman

Pakistan

Palestinian Territory (West Bank & Gaza Strip)

Philippines

Qatar

Russia

Saudi Arabia

Singapore

South Korea

Sri Lanka

Syria

Taiwan

Tajikistan

Thailand

Timor-Leste (East Timor)

Turkey

Turkmenistan

United Arab Emirates

Uzbekistan

Vietnam

Yemen